|- Computer Abuse
|- Intellectual Prop.
| '-+ Database
| '-+ E-mail
| '-+ Web
| '-+ Encryption
| '-+ Anonymity
| '-+ Spamming
|- Social-Just. Issues
On the Web, the term is often "Java applet." But applets existed
before the Java programming language arrived. They're simply "little
application programs" that are usually built into an operating
system or a larger application program. The built-in writing and
drawing programs that come with Windows are sometimes called "applets."
With Java, which is a language designed for creating small program
objects for a distributed environment like the Web, an applet
becomes something that can arrive along with an HTML file. A user
can then click on an image and trigger the applet to animate the
image or cause a pop-up window to appear and ask a question, then
perform some calculation tailored to the user's input.
- What is a Java Applet
and what does it do?
- What ethical standards should govern the code used in applets?
- Who is responsible for applet content? Is it the server, the
client, or the user?
- Should applets be allowed to alter the software on your computer
without consent? What ethical issues are raised concerning personal
The Java Security FAQ. What is your impression of Java Applet
A browser is a program that provides a way to look at, read, and
even hear all the information on the World Wide Web. The word
"browser" seems to have originated prior to the Web as a generic
term for user interfaces that let you browse text files online.
By the time the first Web browser with a graphical user interface
was invented (it was called Mosaic), the term seemed to apply
to Web content, too. Technically, a Web browser is a client program
that uses the Hypertext Transport Control Protocol (HTTP) to make
requests of Web servers throughout the Internet on behalf of the
browser user. Currently, the most popular browser is Netscape
Navigator. Microsoft's Internet Explorer is gaining usage as Windows
95 installations grow. A commercial version of the original browser,
Mosaic, is still widely used. Other browsers include the browsers
for the online services, America Online, CompuServe, and Prodigy,
but these are beginning to offer Netscape or Internet Explorer
in addition to or as a replacement for their own. Lynx is a text-only
browser for UNIX shell and VMS users.
- A Browser does much more than simply browse. It is interactive.
How would you sum up what a browser is?
- Based on your answer to the previous question, what security
is needed to insure ethical browsing?
- Examine the security
enhancements in Microsoft Internet Explorer v 4.0. Do these
seem to address your ethical concerns in from the previous question?
- Visit Netscape Security
Notes. Notice how most of the bugs concerning Netscape Communicator
are related to privacy and security. What is your impression
of this, and what does this say about the ethics of our society
concerning privacy and security.